Factors That Affect Your Metabolism

Metabolism is the process by which your body transforms chemicals within your body into useful substances for sustenance. It converts food into fuel so that you can go about your day and finish your tasks with ease. It is also responsible for the conversion of food into protein and other building blocks inside the body. This allows you to transform yourself into the physique that you want. The elimination of waste materials is also part of this. The rate at which these occur differs from one individual to the next. It will depend on a number of factors. Some of them are fixed while others can be influenced by our behaviors.

Age

For instance, it is known that metabolism tends to slow down as we age. This is why most people tend to get bigger as they grow older. The people you knew from school will look quite different in adulthood. Some might be slimmer but many will be going the opposite route. It is simply harder to burn calories as we age so it is all the more necessary for us to do things that will help things along. This is further exacerbated by the fact that we tend to be more sedentary in an old age given our work and our general lifestyle.

Size

The overall size of a person is also a factor in how fast metabolism works. Particularly, this has a big effect on BMR or Basal Metabolic Rate. This is a number of calories burned by the body in a total sedentary state. It is equivalent to the energy required to keep our various organs functioning to stay alive. This includes respiration, digestion, and so forth. Larger people have correspondingly larger internal organs. They also have a wider skin surface to maintain. Fluid volume is higher. The body needs to work harder to meet the requirements of each element.

Muscle

Another thing that influences this process is muscle mass. Muscle requires a great deal more energy to maintain than fat. Two people may have the same size or weight but they might have very different metabolisms based on the division of muscle and fat. They will also look very different. This is one of the reasons why BMI is not the end all and be all of the ideal weight. You also need to look into the percentage of fat. Someone with 20% fat will be fitter than a person with 50% fat. The former will have much more muscles which help to burn more calories per unit time.

Gender

We should also consider the gender of the person. Comparative studies suggest that males are much more likely to have a higher basal metabolic rate compared to females. In other words, it is generally easier for men to burn calories than women. Note that these are averages and that there are plenty of people who can stand as the exception. Genetics is another thing that needs to be looked into. You don’t have to be tested in the lab for this. Your family will provide the clues. If these are obese, then you also have a high tendency to follow in their footsteps unless you do something about it.

Hormones

Sometimes the issue lies in the hormones. If there is an imbalance, then the rate may speed up or slow down. Examples include people who are dealing with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Those affected can have an extremely difficult time coping. Many experience sudden weight change which is hard to reverse despite their diet and activity. Fortunately, there are ways of controlling it. If you have trouble keeping your weight down, then have your hormone levels checked at a medical clinic.

Activity

This is perhaps the easiest variable to control because we simply have to move to affect change. The higher the level of our activity, the faster our metabolism will become. The important thing is to ramp this up gradually so as to prevent injuries. You can do a variety of exercises to induce calorie burn. If your type of work has you sitting in front of a desk all day, then try to run in the morning or in the afternoon. You could also go to the gym or join sports clubs.

Diet

You may also try changing the way that you eat. There are certain food items that can help speed up metabolism. Browse different recipes to see which ones appeal to your taste and try them out in your kitchen. Read the review of metabolic cooking to learn more from those who have already experienced it.

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